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EXAMINATION

For effective implementation of these rules, various committees will be created as follows:
  1. Examination Committee
  2. Departmental Moderation Committee
  3. Disciplinary Committee
  1. The Vice-Chancellor shall constitute the following committees for each Academic Year:
    1. Examination Committee: The Examination Committee, headed by a Controller of Examination or any other teacher nominated by the Vice-Chancellor for this purpose shall conduct examinations, implement these Rules and make recommendations, if any, on matters pertaining to the examination. In constituting the Examination Committee, the Vice Chancellor shall take into account the need for continuity in the decision making process.
    2. Departmental Moderation Committee: The Departmental Moderation Committee, which shall comprise of three members of the respective department or two nominated teachers by the Vice-Chancellor.
    3. Disciplinary Committee: The Disciplinary Committee shall inquire into disciplinary cases referred to it, including those involving use of unfair means/indiscipline in examinations and submit its report to the Vice-Chancellor.
  2. Every Committee shall have a secretary who shall co-ordinate and the committee shall be chaired by the Registrar and two members nominated by the Vice-Chancellor.
  3. The Examination Committee shall plan, organize, supervise and take decisions in all examination related matters, implement these Rules and make recommendations to the Vice Chancellor for any desired change of these Rules from time to time. The Examination Committee will work under the guidance of the Vice Chancellor.
  4. The Departmental Moderation Committee shall moderate all the question papers, at least three days before the commencement of mid-semester, end semester and repeat examinations, and if required, shall finalize the question paper in consultation with the concerned faculty member.
  5. The Disciplinary Committee shall, in addition to the various disciplinary issues referred to it, inquire into any cases of malpractice or unfair means adopted by the students in any examination and submit its report along with recommendations to the Examination Committee.
  6. The Examination Committee may make recommendations as to procedures for maintenance of examination and academic records by the Examination Department, including maintenance of records by providing document numbers, and classification, for easy retrieval.
  7. The examination process being confidential in nature, no student shall seek access to Examination Department for any reason whatsoever. The faculty shall also cooperate in maintaining the confidentiality of the examination process.
Attendance[Degree in Law (U.G.)] is being regulated by the Bar Council of India hence the rules of attendance put in by Bar Council of India are to be followed]
  1. A minimum of 70% attendance shall be compulsory to appear in the Semester-end Examination. The Percentage shall be calculated on the basis of average of attendance in all the papers of relevant semester. A candidate who fails to obtain 75% of attendance shall not be allowed to sit in the examination.

    [Degree in Law (P.G)]A minimum of 75% attendance shall be compulsory to appear in the Semester-end Examination. The Percentage shall be calculated on the basis of average of attendance in all the papers of relevant semester. A candidate who fails to obtain 75% of attendance shall not be allowed to sit in the examination.
  2. Notwithstanding anything the above rules, the Vice-Chancellor may condones the shortage of attendance of a candidate of not more than 30% of the total on grounds which are justified.
  3. Academic leave: Academic leave shall only be granted by the Vice Chancellor on the recommendation of the Class Teacher / Faculty Advisor. In applying for academic leave, the student shall specify the class hour/s that he/she may be absent for. Academic leave shall be given for a class hour/set of class hours, and not in terms of days. An academic leave form shall accordingly be prepared by the Undergraduate Council.
  4. Academic leave to a student shall be considered, subject to the prior approval of the Vice Chancellor, or any person designated by him, for participation in moot court competitions, seminars, conferences, or any other academic, co-curricular and extra-curricular activities. It is further clarified that academic leave shall not be granted for participation in Summer School programmes, internships, job interviews, passport/visa interviews etc under any circumstances.
  5. Invitation for participation in any of the activities, for which a student may be granted academic leave, should have been received by the University or addressed to the University. Invitations addressed to individual students will not be considered for academic leave.
  6. Academic leave in a given semester shall not exceed 10% of the classes in each subject. An exception can be made in circumstances where unscheduled classes are taken during the period when academic leave is sought. In case of moot court competitions, a student shall be entitled to academic leave for travel and participation, which shall not be for more than 10 working days including travel. In case of a sports event, a student shall not be entitled to academic leave for more than 4 working days, including travel.
  7. No academic leave shall be granted for appearing in examinations.
  8. It is clarified that in the event a student is unable to appear for an examination on any grounds whatsoever, including medical leave or academic leave, there shall not be any rescheduling of the said examination or special examination, or any proportionate enhancement of marks on the basis of marks secured in any other examination in the said course. No request from any student in this regard can be entertained by any authority.
  9. Medical Leave: The University is a residential University. Therefore, medical leave shall be with the prior permission of the University, unless emergency circumstances do not permit it. In such an event, the Vice Chancellor shall be approached as soon as possible. Request for medical leave from students which will involve their absence from the University campus may be considered only against hospitalization for any treatment or investigation or isolation of student(s) required for any contagious diseases.
  10. All the medical records, investigations etc., done during admission in a hospital / nursing home along with the request should be submitted to the Undergraduate Council immediately on reporting back to the University and in any case within one week of resuming the classes after the discharge from the hospital / nursing home concerned. No medical certificate shall be entertained by the Undergraduate Council thereafter.
  11. Where the student is not admitted to a hospital / nursing home, but isolation of the student from the hostels is required in the larger interest of other students, the same shall be certified by the University doctor.
  12. Submission of improper medical certificates or fake certificates shall result in mandatory disciplinary action by the University.
  13. A student who has been granted Medical Leave in accordance with these Rules, shall not be awarded any marks for attendance on the grounds that but for the said medical leave, the student would have been present and neither the class hour/s missed on account of the medical leave shall be excluded for calculating the total number of classes in the concerned course.
  14. Absentees due to University assignment, duly granted by appropriate authority shall be fully exempted. Students who attended debate/moot court/legal aid camp etc. be given attendance of that period and the said attendance be calculated while totalling the attendance.
  15. In each paper, a maximum of 5 marks for attendance shall be given to the students in accordance with the pattern given in Table below:


Sr. No. Attendance Percentage Marks
1 Above 95 05
2 Above 90 to 95 04
3 Above 85 to 90 03
4 Above 80 to 85 02
5 Above 75 to 80 01
  1. The University follows the Credit-based Semester System for the purpose of Examination and Evaluation and award of Degree/diploma/certificate in all the courses of study.
  2. Each course run by the University shall be examined internally as well as externally to ensure a comprehensive assessment of the student’s performance throughout the semester. The distribution of marks in the examination shall be as per the following table. However, this distribution is not applicable in clinical papers:

    Sr. No. Internal/External Assessment Marks
    Internal Assessment
    1 Attendance 05
    2 Assignment & Presentation 25
    3 Mid Semester Examination 20
    External Assessment
    5 Semester–end Examination 50
      Total 100
  3. Internal Assessment of each paper is based on the parameters of attendance, Mid Semester Test, and assignment & presentation made.
  4. The assignment & presentation/viva-voce and practical examination, if any, shall be completed before the commencement of Semester-end Examination. Evaluation sheet and other relevant documents shall be submitted to Controller Examination or any other person authorised as per the date notified in this behalf on or before the commencement of Semester-end Examination, whichever is earlier.
  5. 'Mid Semester Test' shall be conducted after completion of at least two Modules i.e. after completion of at least 40 % of any given course. The 'Mid Semester Test' shall be conducted by subject teacher in consultation and coordination with the Controller or in-charge of Examination. The details of Mid Semester Test including a copy of Question Paper, List of attendance, Score-sheet etc., shall be submitted to Controller or in-charge of Examination within seven days from the date of Mid Semester Test.
  6. Semester-end Examination shall be conducted under supervision of Controller of Examination and as per direction of Examination Committee to be constituted by the Vice-Chancellor chaired by Vice-Chancellor. The schedule for Semester-end Examination shall be notified by Controller of Examination or in-charge in consultation with Examination Committee in advance at least two weeks before the schedule date of the examination.
  7. For the purpose of Semester-end Examination necessary arrangements including filling of examination form, issuance of Admit Card etc., seating plan and other arrangement shall be prepared as per direction of Controller of Examination or in-charge.
  8. The University may provide honorarium to all external/internal examinersas per the norm adopted by University from time to time. See Annexure IV
  9. Differently-abled students may be allowed to use relevant assistive devices for specific papers particularly in BBA where such devices are necessary. Such a candidate be provided a writer by the University.
  10. All Assessment including Assignments and presentations, viva-voce, Mid Semester Test, and Semester-end Examination answer booklets shall be evaluated by concerned subject teacher. However, if the concerned subject teacher is unable to evaluate due to any reason including ‘conflict of interest’, in such case Controller of Examination will nominate another subject teacher in consultation with Dean/Head of Department.
  11. The evaluation shall be done by concerned teacher, who has set the paper either external or internal. In cases where external examiner is nominated but is unable to take up the assignment the internal examiner will substitute.
  1. Question papers for Mid Semester Test, and Semester-end Examination shall be prepared by concerned subject teacher. If more than one teacher is involved in teaching of a course, the setting of question paper and evaluation shall be done jointly by all the teachers who taught the course. However, if the concerned subject teacher is unable to prepare the question paper due to any reason, including conflict of interest, in such case Controller of Examination will nominate another subject teacher in consultation with Dean/Head of Department.
  2. Questions in the question paper shall necessarily be spread in such a way as to cover entire area/syllabus. The question papers in all courses, especially those of law, should comprise of at least 70% problem-based questions and be designed to evaluate the analytical skills of the students. The question papers of humanities and social science courses shall be based on critical evaluation of the concepts and their relationship to diverse fields of law.
  3. Question paper for Mid Semester Test shall carry Two Sections. Section ‘A’ shall be Objective Type, and shall have 4 Multiple-Choice questions, carrying 1 mark each. In Language paper, Section ‘A’ may carry other forms of objective types questions such as ‘fill in the blanks’, ‘true-false’ etc. Section ‘B’ of the paper shall Descriptive in nature, and have at least 02 questions with their respective additional options, as parts (a)-(b) carrying 8 marks each, and shall be long answer type/application based questions. Descriptive questions may be conveniently divided into parts and sub part depending on nature of the question.
  4. Question paper for Semester-end Examination shall carry Two Sections. Section 'A' shall be Objective Type, and shall have 05 Multiple-Choice questions, carrying 2 marks each. In Language paper, Section 'A' may carry other forms of objective types questions such as 'fill in the blanks', 'true-false' etc. Section 'B' of the paper shall have at least 04 questions with their respective additional options, carrying 10 marks each, and shall be long answer type/application based questions. Descriptive questions may be conveniently divided into parts and sub-parts depending on nature of the question.
  5. For the Semester-end Examination, 02 sets of question paper shall be prepared by a paper setter and shall be submitted to Controller of Examination as per the schedule notified in this regard. Additional01 set of paper for repeat-examination may also be prepared along with the two sets already prepared.
  6. At Post Graduate level, in each semester, at least one set of question paper shall be set externally as well as internally. A panel of name of external examiners shall be prepared by “Board of Studies”, and the Controller of Examination or any other teacher shall pick any name, with rotation policy, from the panel so prepared.
  7. There shall be a Departmental Moderation Committee, which shall have the responsibility of ensuring that Rules and guidelines contained in Rule 5 & 6 are strictly complied with in each question papers.
  1. Medium of examination shall be English only. Differently abled student shall be given the option of choosing the mode of taking the examinations i.e. Braille, through scribe etc.
  2. Mid Semester Examination shall be of 90 Minutes with 30 Minutes additional compensatory time to differently-abled student who has difficulty in writing.

    Further a student who during examination is unable to write due to injury caused by accident or otherwise, may ask for a writer- who in all cases should be a candidate having qualification less than the candidate.
  3. Semester-end Examination shall be of 3 hours, with 60 Minutes additional compensatory time to differently-abled student who have difficulty in writing.

    Further a student who during examination is unable to write due to injury caused by accident or otherwise, may ask for a writer- who in all cases should be a candidate having qualification less than the candidate.
  1. It shall be mandatory for every student to appear for every examination conducted by the University. No student shall be allowed to remain absent himself/herself from any examination except with the prior written permission of the Vice-Chancellor on a written request made by the student, stating the reasons for possible absence. It is further clarified that permission by the Vice Chancellor only excuses the student from appearing in the examination and is not a ground for any other relief including rescheduling of the said examination or special examination, or any proportionate enhancement of marks on the basis of marks secured in any other examination in the said course. No request from any student in this regard can be entertained by any authority.
  2. A student who absents himself/herself for an examination without permission shall be declared “Failed” in that course. He/she shall appear in the Repeat Examination for that course. If he/she passes the course in the Repeat Examination, the grade obtained shall have ® mentioned against it in the transcript. It is further clarified that no exemption of any kind in any examination during an academic year shall be provided on medical grounds.
  3. If any student or a group of students, under a common understanding, intentionally absents himself/herself/themselves from any scheduled examination, he/she/they shall not be allowed to write the Repeat exam, and will be consider “Failed” in that course. They will have to re-register for the course as and when it is again offered, after due payment of the prescribed fine. The decision of the Disciplinary Committee as to whether the absence was pursuant to a common understanding shall be final, subject to an appeal to the Vice Chancellor.
  4. Repeat Examinations shall be organised for those students who fail in any of the courses in a semester, as well as those students who have not appeared for Semester-end Examinations for any valid reasons. The Examination Department shall maintain a record of students who have not appeared for an examination, on any ground. The dates for the Repeat Examination shall generally be notified at the beginning of the semester. If the dates are changed, such change shall duly be notified by Controller of Examination at least one week before commencement of the repeat examination.
  5. The Repeat Examination shall be generally organized within next two weeks immediately after the completion of the end semester examinations or just before the commencement of the following semester or within 10 days of its commencement. The Grades obtained in the Repeat Examinations, unless duly approved, shall be indicated with ® at the top of the Grade. It is further clarified that repeat examinations shall be for the entire marks comprising the examination component of a course (70 marks) and shall be based on the entire syllabus for the course. The repeat examination (for 70 marks) shall generally be of 3 hours duration. The marks awarded for projects and the viva, will remain as originally awarded. Students who appear for repeat examination should be allowed to do so against prescribed fee.
  6. Students desirous of improving their Grades may apply formally to the Controller of Examination with the prescribed fee and appear in the Repeat Examination. The Grade originally obtained by such candidate at the end of the semester examination will be cancelled and the Grade obtained pursuant to the marks obtained at the Repeat Examination will be treated as final. The Grades so obtained through the Improvement Examinations shall be indicated with (I) against the Grade so obtained in the Improvement examination. * deleted However, if student fail to appear in the Improvement Examination, then his original grade shall be unchanged.
  7. Students may appear in an improvement examination only along with the Repeat Examinations for the course held after the examination when they had passed the course.
  8. The fees for duplicate hall tickets, review of answer scripts, Repeat Examination fee, Improvement Examination Fee, Fee for revaluation of answer scripts, and fees for any component of clinical and seminar course evaluation which is being reviewed, resubmitted or redone, shall be as per the rates specified by the Examination Committee in consultation with Vice-Chancellor, and the same shall be notified at the commencement of each academic year.
  1. Examination duty shall be compulsory for the teaching faculty and non-teaching staff.
  2. Invigilator-examine ratio shall be 1:20.
  3. The Controller of Examination shall ensure the equitable distribution of examination duty in each paper on day to day basis.
  4. The schedule for examination duty shall be communicated/notified to the all teaching/nonteaching staff at least 7 days in-advance, and if someone is not in a position to undertake the examination duty due to certain circumstances, then he/she shall have to seek permission in advance from Controller of Examination.
  5. All the examination related activities such as paper setting, moderation, invigilation, evaluation etc. shall be paid in nature as per the norms adopted by the University.
  1. A student not satisfied with the marks secured in the semester-end examination can apply for scrutiny with the payment of scrutiny fee. per the rule of HPNLU.
  2. Scrutiny shall mean the evaluation of un-checked answers and re-checking of the totaling of marks in any given paper. Student is free to apply scrutiny for any number of papers in a given semester. However, for any paper, this facility may be availed only once.
  3. For scrutiny, a student shall have to fill up a scrutiny form which shall be made available by the office of Controller of Examination.
  4. The Office of Controller of Examination shall notify the instructions for Scrutiny from time to time.
  5. If there is any change in the marks of the student after the scrutiny, the student shall be provided the revised Mark Sheet on the submission of his original Mark sheet.
  6. If a failed student secures passing marks after scrutiny, he/she shall be entitled for promotion to the subsequent semester without depositing any late fee.
  1. Student securing at least Letter Grade ‘C’ in each paper or 5.6 CGPA shall be promoted to subsequent year/shall be awarded degree/diploma.
  2. A student securing ‘C’ grade in half or more than half of the total number of paper shall be promoted to subsequent year. However she/he shall have to necessarily appear in the Re-appear Examination and secure ‘C’ grade or 5.6 CGPA for the award of Degree. If the student has secured Letter Grade ‘C’ in all its papers, but fail to secure 5.6 CGPA, she/he has to has to choose to reappear in some of the papers, but not more than half of the total number of papers, to secure a CGPA of 5.6.
  3. No student shall be promoted to the next year of the programme unless he/she has successfully completed all the papers of all previous years of the programme, and a minimum of eight out of 12 papers courses of the current year, as further explained hereinafter. Provided that, if a student was debarred from appearing in an end-semester examination due to shortage of attendance in a compulsory paper i.e., not a seminar or clinical course, then the concerned student shall not be promoted unless he/she satisfies the Examination Committee that he/she will be able to meet the minimum attendance requirement when he/she re-registers for the said course.
  4. A student who has failed in a paper shall re-register himself/herself for the courses in which he/she has failed by paying the prescribed fees. If such student has been promoted to the next year of the programme, by virtue of another Rule, he/she shall attend the paper of that year. For the re-registered paper, he/she shall be evaluated for 95 marks, with the 5 marks for attendance being carried over from the original paper.
  5. A student who has failed in more than 4 papers, and has not been promoted to the next year of the programme for that reason, shall re-register for those courses when they are again offered. The student shall be required to attend the classes in those courses and shall be evaluated for 100 marks.
  6. No student shall be promoted to the third year without passing all the first year courses. Similarly, for the promotion to Fourth and Fifth years a Candidate should have passed all the papers in Second and Third year respectively.

    In other words, Promotion Scheme shall be based on the following:

    For promotion to II year – A student should have passed 8 out of 12 papers of the I year.

    For promotion to III year - A student should have passed all papers of the 1st year and passed 08 out of 12 courses of II year

    For promotion to IV year, a student should have passed all courses of the I and II years and passed 8 out of 12 courses of the III year

    For promotion to V year, a student should have passed all courses of the I, II and III years and passed 8 courses out of 12 of the IV year.
  1. Credit connotes the unit that gives weight to the value level or time requirement of a course. 01 Credit shall be equal to 15 Teaching Hours. If a subject has 6 papers in semester, and each paper is having 4 Credits, then the total credits of the paper of the Semester shall be calculated 4 (credits per paper) * 6 (number of papers) = 24 (Total Credits of the Subject).
  2. Grade Value shall mean the value assigned to the marks obtained by a student in a paper. Grade value is based on 10-point scale.
  3. Letter Grade shall mean the Alphabetical Grade/s determined on the basis Grade Value obtained by the Student in a paper. The Grade Value on 10-Point Scale, and the letter grade to be given to the student, is on the basis of Grade Value obtained by the Student. The Table given bellow shows the marks range, grade value and corresponding letter grade.

    Sr. No. Marks Range
    (Out of 100)
    Grade Value
    (10 point Scale)
    Letter Garde
    1 90-100 10 A+ (Outstanding)
    2 80-89 09 A (Excellent)
    3 70-79 08 B+ (Distinction)
    4 60-69 07 B (Good)
    5 50-59 06 C+ (Average)
    6 45-49 05 C (Pass)
    7 00-44 00 F (Fail)
    For Example: In a paper, if a student secures marks in the range of 70-79, the Grade Value for that paper shall be 8, and the latter Grade for that paper shall be B+ (Distinction)
  4. Grade Point shall be calculated by multiplying the Grade Value obtained by the student and the Credits of that paper. For example, if the student secures the Grad Value 08, and the Credit of the paper is 04, then the Grade Point of the student in that paper shall be 8*4= 32
  5. Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) of a student shall be calculated as the sum total of the Grade Points secured by the student in all the papers of a semester divided by total Credits (sum total of credits of all the papers in that semester) in a semester.

    For Example: If there are 6 papers in a semester, and each paper is having 4 Credits, total Credits of the Semester shall be calculated as 6*4=24.

    If the student is securing grade points as 24 (GP1), 28 (GP2), 32 (GP3), 32 (GP4), 36 (GP5) and 40 (GP6) in Paper 1 (P1), Paper2 (P2), Paper 3 (P3), Paper 4 (P4), Paper 5 (P5), Paper 6 (P6), respectively, then the SGPA shall be calculated as (GP1) + (GP2) + (GP3) + (GP4) + (GP5) + (GP6) divided by the total credits.

    Therefore, SGPA = (24 + 28 + 32 + 32 + 36 + 40) ÷ 24

    So, the SGPA = 192 ÷ 24

    SGPA = 8
  6. Quality Points (QP) is the sum total of all the grade points obtained in semester.

    For Example: GP1 + GP2 + GP3 + GP4 + GP5 + GP6 = Quality Points.

    There for, QP is: 24 + 28 + 32 + 32 + 36 + 40 = 192
  7. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) shall be the sum total of Quality points of all the Semesters of a course till date divided by Total Credits of the Course till date. CGPA shall be considered up to two decimal places.

    CGPA = Total Quality Points in a Course ÷ Total Credits of the Course
  8. The calculation of CGPA in the second semester and the consecutive semesters shall be done according to the following formula:

    CGPA of semester II = QPI + QP II ÷ Total Credits of Semester I + II

    Similarly,

    CGPA of semester III = QP I + QP II + QP III ÷ Total Credits of Semester I + II + III

    Other semester’s CGPA shall be calculated in the like manner.
  9. The Division obtained shall be calculated on the basis given bellow:

    Sr. No. CGPA Division
    1 8.45 and above First Division with Distinction
    2 6.45 and above, but bellow 8.45 First Division
    3 5.6 and above, but bellow 6.45 Second Division
  10. University degree shall be awarded to the students securing C or above grade in all of its papers, and an overall CGPA of not less than 5.6.
  11. The Conversion formula for converting CGPA to the corresponding percentage of marks shall be as follows:
    X = 10Y-4.5
    Where X = Percentage of Marks; Y = CGPA; 10 is 10-point scale, and 4.5 is the mean value of Class Interval of marks range.
  1. Unfair means and other malpractices in relation to the examination shall include:
    1. Possession or use of material having potential to be used for unfair means, including cell phones.
    2. Writing on any part of the body/furniture/walls.
    3. Plagiarism in projects/seminar/assignments submitted for evaluation.
    4. Seeking or extending help in the exam, in relation to the questions asked.
    5. Any boycott of exam will amount to Indiscipline.
    6. Disclosure of identity in the answer sheet in any form
    7. Any threat/use of abusive language in exam or in the answer sheets
    8. Refusal to surrender unfair means material or attempt to destroy.
    9. Refusing to obey instructions of the Invigilator.
    10. Smuggling an answer book/additional answer book into or out of the Examination Hall.
    11. Inserting/substituting or removing any page from the answer book/additional answer book.
    12. Impersonation in exam including interchanging of Roll Numbers and/or answer sheets.
    13. Any other similar malpractice, which in the opinion of the Examination Committee amounts to a use of unfair means.
  2. Use of Unfair Means shall be inquired into by the Disciplinary Committee constituted Controller of Examination in consultation with Hon’ble Vice Chancellor.
  3. The Disciplinary Committee shall submit a report to the Controller of Examination who shall impose the penalty with reasons in writing. An appeal can be made to the Vice-Chancellor who shall either uphold or reduce the penalty, or condone the same.
SAVING CLAUSE

Notwithstanding anything contained in these regulations, the decision of the Vice-Chancellor shall be final onany matter not specified above but relates to administration the Ph. D. programme.